Port Pipavav is located in Saurashtra in the state of Gujarat, 152 nautical miles northwest of Mumbai (less than ten hours steaming time) on the west coast of India. Approximately 140 kilometres southwest of Bhavnagar, it is situated at a latitude of 20°54'N and a longitude of 71°30'E.
Port Pipavav is directly across from two islands Shial Bet and Savai Bet which act as a natural breakwater, making the port safe in all weather conditions. The presence of these islands contributes to a relatively calm harbour, with wave heights less than 0.5m most of the time.
- High High Water Springs (HHWS)
- +3.92 M
- Mean High High Water (MHHW)
- +3.19 M
- Mean Sea Level
- +1.76 M
- Mean Low Low Water (MLLW)
- +0.50 M
- Low Low Water Springs (LLWS)
- -0.01 M
Note: All levels are with reference to Chart Datum
During peak tidal conditions, the water currents are between 2.5 to 3 knots. These favourable conditions at Port Pipavav ensure easy and safe navigation of ships year-round. Due to the presence of the protective islands, the port operates throughout the year, even during the monsoons, an added advantage to customers.
The channel length at the port is 4,550m. Because of the favourable oceanographic conditions, the port offers day and night navigation to all vessels other than LPG vessels, which are berthed or de-berthed only during the day.
Port Pipavav has increased the draught to 14.5m at chart datum. The draught at the container berths is 14.5m, at the bulk berths it is 13.5m, and at the LPG berth the draught is 11.5m, all at chart datum.
Minimum 45% (in January)
Maximum 90% (in August)
Normal minimum range (during winter) : 4°C to 10°C
Normal maximum range (during summer) : 32°C to 42°C
Port Pipavav receives an average rainfall of approximately 500mm during the monsoon months (June to September), of which about 250mm occurs in July.
Northeast monsoon (December to March) winds from the north, 13-19 km/h
Pre-monsoon (April to May) winds from the northwest, 13-19 km/h
Southwest monsoon (June to September) winds from the southwest, 30-50 km/h
Post-monsoon (October to November) winds from the north by northeast, 13-19 km/h
With a total land area of 631 hectares, Port Pipavav has large portions of land available for development and expansion of port-related services. There are opportunities, both within and just outside the port premises, for companies to establish or operate a range of facilities or businesses.
Considerable tracts of land at Port Pipavav have been earmarked and zoned for specific activities, depending on the requirements of different companies. Specifically, areas have been earmarked for: tank farms (for liquid bulk cargo, edible oil, etc.); warehousing; CFS facilities; and FTWZ (Free Trade Warehousing Zone).
A significant portion of property has been leased to Port Pipavavs anchor tenant, Pipapav Shipyard Ltd., which is involved in shipbuilding activity. Another tenant Central Warehousing Corporation owns and operates warehouses at the port,while Shell operates a tank farm. Port Pipavav has also leased out land in the port to private reefer technicians, who offer repair, maintenance and pre-trip inspection services.
Port Pipavav offers a wide range of infrastructure which caters to the needs of different businesses, enabling them to operate efficiently and generate new business opportunities. Ample railway siding infrastructure, a world-class cold storage yard and container yard are all available. A dedicated commercial building, designated for the offices of various port-related businesses shipping companies, freight forwarders, importers/exporters, etc. has also been established.